Founded in 1908, General Motors Company is one of the largest automotive manufacturers in the world both by revenue and by units sold. It operates under a plethora of brands including Chevrolet. GM and CEO Mary Barra have been pushed the electric vehicle model under the chevy brand for the past several years, and have come out as one of the leaders in the industry.
Chevy Spark EV
Largely considered a compliance car, the Chevy Spark EV was still a respectable electric vehicle. Although this car was only sold in select markets for the majority of its life, GM expanded the sales area for this little vehicle for the last year. With little to differentiate it in a growing EV market, this car's electric drive model was discontinued in late 2016 in preparation for the Chevy Bolt.
Key Stats: 19 kWh | 0-60 in 7.2 | 97 (130 hp) | 540 Nm | EPA 131 km
General Motors produced this car and was sold under limited lease agreements only. This vehicle was available from 1996 to 1999 making it the first mass market electric vehicle of our time, although only just over 1,100 were produced. It is unclear why GM decided to terminate the vehicle as it was incredibly popular, as evidence by the 2006 documentary "Who Killed The Electric Car?". The first generation of the EV1 used lead-acid batteries. Although they weighed 533 kg, they provided almost 100 km of range. The second iteration used lead-acids from Panasonic which provided 18.7 kWh and 160 km of range. Finally NiMH batteries were used providing 26.4 kWh and about 250 km of range. Keep in mind, these aren't the same range ratings as the current EPA model, but it's still quite impressive.
Key stats: 26 kWh | 0-60 mph in 8 | 102 kW (137 hp) | 150 Nm | Reported Range 250 km
GM is marketing this vehicle as the first affordable BEV ready for the mass market. And they would be correct. This vehicle is equipped with 380 km range by EPA standards and with government incentives, it is an affordable new vehicle. The Bolt was built from the ground up as an electric vehicle and it shows. The car has won the 2017 Motor Trend car of the year award. They said "Perhaps the most impressive thing about the Bolt EV is there are no caveats, no “for an electric car” qualifiers needed in any discussion."
GM has worked closely with LG on this vehicle with LG responsible for delivery of the: electric drive motor, power inverter module (converts DC power to AC for the drive motor), on board charger, electric climate control system compressor, battery cells and pack, high power distribution module (manages the flow of high voltage to various components), battery heater, accessory power module (maintains low-voltage power delivery to accessories), power line communication module (manages communication between vehicle and a DC charging station), instrument cluster, infotainment system.
The Chevy bolt is being sold with only level 1 and level 2 charging available on the basic model. Be aware that the map on GM's website is showing all charging station. The quoted time for a full charge on their website of 9.5 hours is based on level 2 charging. For faster charging and access or more stations, an upgrade to level 3 charging access is available. For more information visit the link below.
Key stats: 60 kWh | 0-60 mph in 6.5 | 150 kW (200 hp) | 360 Nm | Reported Range 383 km